Sunday, September 15, 2013

Poy Gum Lee (Li Jinpei), Building in China

Building in China: Henry K. Murphy’s “Adaptive Architecture” 1914–1935
Jeffrey W. Cody
The Chinese University Press, 2001

page 4: ...Murphy’s quest for an adaptation of Chinese architecture was not a solitary one. Chinese colleagues, whether acquaintances or strangers, also played key roles in questioning architectural conventions. Several Chinese who formed part of what has been sometimes called the “first generation of Chinese architects” (diyidai) were either trained by Murphy or knew of his work. Those who either worked for or with Murphy include Lu Yanzhi (1894–1929), Li Jinpei [Poy G. Lee] (1900–?)...

page 134: ...Later in Murphy’s China-based practice, other architects from this first generation (diyidai) of Chinese architects such as Dong Dayou, Fan Wenzhao, Li Jinpei [Poy Gum Lee] and Zhao Shen also drafted or designed with the American and, in the process, helped him build an enviable reputation.

page 181–182: ...a year earlier seven Chinese architects educated in the U.S. organized the Society of Chinese Architects, and the organization quickly became the chief professional organization for Chinese architects and planners, complementing the Association of Chinese and American Engineers. Li Jinpei (Poy G. Lee), another Chinese draftsman who had worked for Murphy in his New York office; Fan Wenzhao (Robert Fan), the first president of the Society of Chinese Architects (Zhongguo jianzhu xuehui); and Lin Keming, the eventual architect of Guangzhou’s civic center....

page 200: footnote 32

page 212: ...Henry Murphy, therefore, was not unique in hiring Chinese, but by employing already before 1920 some of the young Chinese immediately after they graduated in his Oriental Department, Murphy made a deliberate effort to seek out the relatively few Chinese who peppered the lists of students in American architectural programs. In addition to Lu Yanzhi, certainly the most famous of his Chinese draftsmen, he also hired Li Jinpei (Poy G. Lee) in 1923. After Li was hired in 1927 by the YMCA Building Bureau to work in China, he completed Lu’s design for the Sun Yat-sen Memorial in Guangzhou and became one of the most successful of the “first generation.” Unfortunately, no record showing exactly how many Chinese Murphy employed in New York has survived....

page 218: ...Many Chinese did not forget him, as is suggested by the measure of Murphy gauged by a consideration of his Chinese contemporaries. In addition to Lu Yanzhi, he was employer of, designer with, or aesthetic ally to some of the most prominent figures in 20th century Chinese architectural history: Zhang Jun, Li Jinpei [Poy Gum Lee], Zhao Shen, Dong Dayou, Fan Wenzhao, Tong Jun, and Yang Tingbao....

page 224: footnote 37

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